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Graduate Liberal Studies: Library Research Concepts

Library Resources

Understanding the Library Research Process

ACRL Information Literacy Framework for Higher Education (2015)

Authority Is Constructed and Contextual

Information resources reflect their creators’ expertise and credibility, and are
evaluated based on the information need and the context in which the information
will be used. Authority is constructed in that various communities may recognize
different types of authority. It is contextual in that the information need may help to
determine the level of authority required.

Information Creation as a Process

Information in any format is produced intentionally to convey a message and is
shared via a selected delivery method. The iterative processes of researching,
creating, revising, and disseminating information vary, and the resulting product
reflects these differences.

Information Has Value

Information possesses several dimensions of value, including as a commodity, as a
means of education, as a means to influence, and as a means of negotiating and
understanding the world. Legal and socioeconomic interests influence information
production and dissemination.

Research as Inquiry

Research is iterative and depends upon asking increasingly complex or new
questions whose answers in turn develop additional questions or lines of inquiry in
any field.

Scholarship as Conversation

Communities of scholars, researchers, or professionals engage in sustained
discourse with new insights and discoveries occurring over time as a result of varied
perspectives and interpretations.

Searching as Strategic Exploration

Searching for information is often nonlinear and iterative, requiring the evaluation
of a broad range of information sources and the mental flexibility to pursue
alternate avenues as new understanding is developed.

The Research Cycle

JEPS Bulletin (2012)